A Quaker Bible Index for “The Lord is My Shepherd”

An addendum to the Quaker Bible Index, which is maintained online at https://qbi.earlham.edu/

Part 1: A variorum text for the 23rd Psalm, showing the text of the Authorized (“King James”) Version of 1611, with alternate readings from the Geneva Bible of 1560/1599 (“G“) and the Bishops’ Bible of 1569 (“B“) shown in square brackets:

23:1 [G prefixes: A psalm of David.] The Lord [B: God] is my shepherd; I shall not want [B: therefore I can lack nothing].

23:2 He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: [G: maketh me to rest in green pasture, and; B: will cause me to repose myself in pasture full of grass, and] he [G omits] leadeth me beside the still [G: leadeth me by the still; B: will lead me unto calm] waters.

23:3 He restoreth my soul: [G: restoreth my soul, and; B: will convert my soul:] he [G omits] leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name’s [B: will bring me forth into the paths of righteousness for his name] sake.

23:4 Yea, though I [G adds: should] walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they [B: be the things that do] comfort me.

23:5 Thou preparest [G: dost prepare; B: wilt prepare] a table before me in the presence [G: sight] of mine enemies [GB: adversaries]: thou anointest [G: dost anoint; B: hast anointed] my head with oil; [GB: , and] my cup runneth over [B: shall be brim full].

23:6 Surely goodness [G: Doubtless kindness; B: Truly felicity] and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the Lord for ever [G: shall remain a long season in the house of the Lord; B: will dwell in the house of God for a long time].

Part 2: The Quaker Bible Index “Main Index” for Psalm 23 (See Part 3: Key to Sources, below, for explanation of abbreviations of source-book titles. For example, “IP3: 334” refers to Isaac Penington, Works, volume 3, page 334):

(Psalm 23) IP3: 334; WPT 303

(Psalm 23)

IP3: 334 [from Naked Truth (1674):] Is it not precious to witness that fear of God in the heart, to which salvation is nigh, and the land wherein glory dwells?… Where God is the Shepherd, and the soul does not want, because he maketh it to lie down in pastures of tender grass and leadeth by the waters of quietness (where it drinks of the brook in the way), and in the paths of righteousness for his name’s sake! See Psa. 23.

(Psalm 23:1-3) GF5: 326

(Psalm 23:1-3)

GF5: 326 [from To all the Kings, Princes, and Governors in the whole world: and all that profess themselves Christians, and others, to consider (1676):] And does not David say, ‘the Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want, he maketh me to lie down in green pastures, he maketh me to lie down beside the still rivers; he restoreth my soul, and leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name’s sake?’
   Now, can you say so, that are called christians, and acknowledge David’s teacher as he did, and that the Lord is your shepherd, and that you do not want?

(Psalm 23:1) GFJN 194; GF4: 132; GF5: 24; DGA 160; MFU 376; JN1: 88; IP4: 380; HPS 193

(Psalm 23:1)

GF4: 132 [from An Epistle to All People upon the Earth (1657), as quoted also in DGA 160:] Keep to that of God in you, which will lead you up to God, when you are still from your own thoughts and imaginations, and desires and counsels of your own hearts, and motions and will; when you stand single from all these, waiting upon the Lord, your strength is renewed; he that waits upon the Lord, feels his Shepherd, and he shall not want: and that which is of God within every one, is that which brings them together to wait upon God, which brings them to unity, which joins their hearts together up to God.

IP4: 380 [from A Reply to an Answer of Some Queries concerning the Gospel-Baptism (1679):] And the new covenant is an inward covenant; which they that hear God’s voice therein, and have his law written in their hearts, and obey it, are led by him more and more into. Now, the new covenant is not made with every thirsty one after the living waters, but only such as come to Christ in the drawings and teachings of his Father; and when they are come to Christ, incline their ears, and hearken diligently to him, Isa. 55:1,2,3. such assuredly know and enjoy the sure mercies of David, having God to be their Shepherd to spread their table for them; and they eat that which is good, and are satisfied with the fat things of his house, and so can set to their seal that God is true and faithful, who hath not only promised such things, but is daily fulfilling and making them good in and to their souls.

(Psalm 23:2) GF3: 6 (EB); GF7: 21 [13], 70 [55], 74 [60], 200 [203]; IP3: 408; SIW 118

(Psalm 23:2)

GF3: 6 [from Edward Burroughs, The Epistle to the Reader (1658):] The Lord God everlasting, who is true and faithful, hath fulfilled his promise in us, and unto us, and we are gathered from the mouths of all dumb shepherds, and out of the mouths of all hirelings, who have made a prey upon us…. And we are come to the fold of eternal rest, where Christ Jesus is the chief shepherd, and he is the shepherd and bishop of our souls, that feedeth his flock with living bread that nourisheth us to life eternal. He hath called us by his name, and put us forth, and he feedeth us in green pastures, and we are fed with hidden manna, and lie down at noon with his gathered flock.

GF7: 70 [from Epistle 55, “Concerning the spiritual warfare” (1653):] Arm yourselves like men of war; the mighty power of God goes along with you, to enable you to stand  over all the world, and (spiritually) to chain, to fetter, to bind, and to imprison, and to lead out of prison; to famish, to feed, and to make fat, and to bring into green pastures. So the name and power of the Lord Jesus Christ be with you!

GF7: 74 [from Epistle 60, “To Friends, to keep in the fear of the Lord” (1654):] And delight in that which shows you the deceit of your hearts, and judges that which is contrary to God, and be obedient to that which is pure; so ye will see the Lord God present with you, a daily help, his hand always ordering of you, and as a shepherd always keeping the dogs from his lambs, which he feeds in green pastures, and waters with his heavenly dew of mercy, who makes them all fruitful.

(Psalm 23:3) GF7: 124 [130]

(Psalm 23:4) IP1: 409; IP4: 359; HPS 256, 264; WTG 110 (SM)

(Psalm 23:4)

IP1: 409 [from A Warning of Love from the Bowels of Life (1660):] Let but in a reproof, a conviction, a judgment, a condemnation, which wounds that part which hath erred from the life, yet even in that there is a secret, hidden healing of somewhat else. The smitings of the righteous principle are as balm, and its reproofs an excellent oil. Thy rod and thy staff comfort me.

IP4: 359 [from An Epistle to All Serious Professors of the Christian Religion (n.d.):] Yea, the desires in me after you are still living; who knoweth, but the Lord may at length hear, and with his key so open your hearts, and so anoint your eyes with his eye-salve, that ye may see, acknowledge, believe in, and receive the Beloved of your souls, even as he now appears (after the long night of darkness) a comforter of the drooping spirits of his people, with the pure light of life, wherein the redeemed house of Jacob (who sat in darkness, and in the valley of the shadow of death, mourning after him) now in holy rejoicing, and pure joy of spirit, walk before him?

HPS 256 [from Some account of given forth by Joan Vokins of the great Goodness and Mercy of the Lord toward her (1691):] …for his Loving-Kindness never fails, but his Mercies endure for ever: and his great Compassion and tender Dealing towards my Soul, when in Darkness and under the Region of the Shadow of Death, is never to be forgotten; for it hath been largely extended unto me, when in deep distress.

WTG 110 [from The Journal of Susanna Morris (1753):] And O that the true born of my dear heavenly Father may be made so to be experiencers with David: the Lord’s rod and staff had comforted him.

(Psalm 23:5) GF8: 19 [275]; IP2: 373; IP3: 373; IP4: 380; TEM 144; WTG 206 (EH); SIW 127

(Psalm 23:5)

GF8: 19 [from Epistle 275 (1669):] And the belief in the power keeps the spring open. And none to despise prophecy, neither to quench the spirit; so that all may be kept open to the spring, that every one’s cup may run over. For you may all prophesy one by one, and the spirit of the prophets is subject to the prophets. ‘Would all the Lord’s people were prophets,’ said Moses in his time, when some found fault; but the last time is the christian’s time, who enjoys the substance, Christ Jesus….

IP2: 373 [from Some Queries concerning the Order and Government of the Church of Christ (n.d.):] And blessed is he who is not deceived about truth; but is of the pure nature, and in the pure power of it; in whom the true eye sees, the true ear hears, the true heart understands; who is of a right spirit, and walketh uprightly before the Lord, and among his people. The blessing of the seed, the peace, comfort, and joy which is from the Most High, shall descend upon him, fill his vessel, and continue with him, to the satisfying of his heart, and the overflowing of his cup, in the midst of his brethren, and in the very sight of his enemies.

IP3:373 [from To the Jews Natural and to the Jews Spiritual (1677):] For it is the joy of my heart to receive good from God; to be filled with his blessings, to have my cup overflow; and that others may be helped, refreshed, and gladded therewith, and, by the sweet taste thereof, led to wait for the opening of the same root and fountain of life in themselves, to yield living sap, and send forth living streams in them day by day.

IP4: 380 [from A Reply to an Answer of Some Queries concerning the Gospel-Baptism (1679): see under Psalm 23: 1, above.]

WTG 206 [from The Journal of Elizabeth Hudson (1722-1783):] During the time of silence I sat in great agony of mind… my spirit was engaged to wrestle for the enjoyment of that power which was before words were, and it pleased divine goodness who is complete in mercy and in loving kindness exceeds expression, to visit my soul as with the day spring from on high, thus does the Lord arise for the sincere cries of the poor and cause their cup to run over, and lips to utter his praise, who is worthy forever —

SIW 127 [from Some Account of the Life and Religious Experience of Mary Alexander (1760-1809):] … oh! How was my heart often contrited before my heavenly Father, both in meetings and in retirement at home; and he very frequently caused my cup to overflow, so that my heart was melted into such a state of humiliation for past offences, as to enable me frequently to cry unto him, that his eye might not spare, until all within me was brought into subjection unto his divine will.

(Psalm 23:6) GF7: 150 [157]

(Psalm 23:6)

GF7: 150 [from Epistle 157 (1658):] And all Friends, be faithful in the seed and life of the Lord God; that is it which abideth in the love of God for ever, where every one hath his bread which comes down from above. That is the birth, which abideth in the house of the Lord God for ever, and shall go no more forth; which is greater than he which is in the world.

Part 3: Key to published Quaker sources cited here:

DGA               Douglas Gwyn: Apocalypse of the Word: The life and message of George Fox. Richmond, IN: Friends United Press, 1986.

GF1: -GF8:      George Fox: Works, in 8 vols. 1831 American ed., reprinted 1990 by New Foundation. vv. 1-2: The Journal; v. 3: The Great Mystery; vv. 4-6: Doctrinal writings; vv. 7-8: Epistles.

GFJN               The Journal of George Fox. Ed. John L. Nickalls. Philadelphia: Religious Society of  Friends, 1985.

HPS                 Hidden in Plain Sight: Quaker Women’s Writings 1650-1700. Ed. Mary Garman et al.
Wallingford, PA: Pendle Hill,1996.

IP1: -4:           The Works of Isaac Penington. Glenside, PA: Quaker Heritage Press, 1995-97, vv. 1-4.

JN1: -4:           The Works of James Nayler. Glenside, PA / Farmington, ME: Quaker Heritage Press, 2003-9, vv. 1-4.

MFU               Undaunted zeal: the letters of Margaret Fell. Ed. Elsa F. Glines. Richmond, IN: Friends United Press, 2003.

RBA                Robert Barclay: Apology for the True Christian Divinity. Farmington, ME: Quaker Heritage Press, 2002.

SIW                 Strength in Weakness: Writings by Eighteenth-Century Quaker Women. Ed. Gil Skidmore. Walnut Creek, CA: Altamira, 2003.

TEM                The history of the life of Thomas Elwood, Written by Himself. Ed. Rosemary Moore. Walnut Creek, CA: Altamira Press, 2004.

WPT                William Penn: Twenty-First Century Penn: Writings on the Faith and Practice of the People called Quakers. Transl. into modern English by Paul Buckley. Richmond, IN: Earlham School of Religion, 2003.

WTG               Wilt Thou Go on My Errand?: Journals of Three 18th-Century Quaker women ministers: Susanna Morris, 1682-1755; Elizabeth Hudson, 1722-1783; Ann Moore, 1710-1783. Ed.
Margaret Hope Bacon. Wallingford, PA: Pendle Hill Publications, 1994.


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